Posted in Scrum Add-ons

Product Backlog Refinement

Overview

Definition: Product Backlog refinement is the act of adding detail, estimates, and order to items in the Product Backlog.

Length: “Refinement usually consumes no more than 10% of the capacity of the Development Team” (1)

People: Product Owner, Development Team

Outcome: Product Backlog items become more transparent through refinement and the top items are deemed ‘Ready’ for a Sprint (i.e. can be ‘Done’ by the team within one Sprint)

Benefits

Product Backlog Refinement Benefits (2, page 103, Mastering Professional Scrum)

  1. Increased Transparency – adding details for what you plan to deliver, and your progress
  2. Clarification of Value – outcomes of what you are trying to achieve become clearer, and helps the team to build the right thing
  3. Breaking things into consumable pieces – increases flexibility for the team to meet ‘Done’ in a Sprint
  4. Reduction of dependencies
  5. Forecasting
  6. Incorporation of learning – gained learning is incorporated into the product

Facilitation Techniques

Fishbowl collaboration (3)

  • Three – five people collaborate around a whiteboard (the fish in the bowl)
  • Others in the room may observe but are not allowed to speak
  • If someone from outside the bowl wishes to speak they can dive into the bowl which bounces out one of the fish already in the bowl
  • People can leave anytime if they are not finding it valuable
  • This technique keeps the conversation small and productive

Three Amigos and BDD

  • Backlog Refinement is attended by someone to represent each discipline in rotation (i.e. Three Amigos of Product, Development, Testing)
  • Behaviour Driven Development is used to focus the conversation on the behaviour of the User Story
  • See my talk notes

References

  1. The Scrum Guide
  2. Mastering Professional Scrum by Stephanie Ockerman and Simon Reindl
  3. User Story Mapping by Jeff Patton

Explore more

6 thoughts on “Product Backlog Refinement

  1. Pingback: Product Backlog
  2. Pingback: User Stories
  3. Pingback: Estimation

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