Posted in Scrum Roles

Development Team

“The Development Team consists of professionals who do the work of delivering a potentially releasable Increment of “Done” product at the end of each Sprint.” (1)


No one tells the Development Team how to turn Product Backlog into Increments (1)

Self-organising (page 56, Scrum Insights for Practitioners)

Self-organisation enables:

  • creativity
  • accountability within the Team
  • commitment within the Team to the Sprint Goal

Factors that promote self-organisation

  • Trust
  • Time-boxing to help focus and manage risks
  • Fixed Sprint Length – consistent delivery of value
  • Team size – too large increases complexity and overhead for communication
  • Definition of ‘Done’ – common understanding within the development team
  • Scrum Values

Cross functional

  • Development Teams are cross-functional, with all the skills as a team necessary to create a product Increment (1)


  • Scrum recognises no titles for Development Team members, regardless of the work being performed by the person (1)

No Sub-domains

  • Scrum recognises no sub-teams in the Development Team, regardless of domains that need to be addressed like testing, architecture, operations, or business analysis (1)


  • Individual Development Team members may have specialised skills and areas of focus, but accountability belongs to the Development Team as a whole (1)
  • Defining the Definition of Done (2)

Team Size

Too Small (1)

  • can’t complete a significant work within a Sprint
  • skill constraints during the Sprint, causing the Development Team to be unable to deliver a potentially releasable Increment
  • fewer than three Development Team members decrease interaction and results in smaller productivity gains

Too Big (1)

  • can’t be nimble
  • more than nine members requires too much coordination
  • generates too much complexity for an empirical process to be useful


  1. The Scrum Guide
  2. Scrum: A Pocket Guide by Gunther Verheyen

Explore more Scrum

Scrum Theory Scrum Values Product Owner Development Team Definition of Done

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